California Boating Accident Report

REPORTING

ACCIDENT REPORT FORMS

Boating Accident Report (BAR) Form
Boat Operator Use

BAR

Vessel Accident Report (VAR) Form
Law Enforcement Use

VAR-DPR128
VAR-DPR128A
VAR-2-DPR128B

Go to this link to download the form: BAR report

WHEN & HOW TO REPORT A BOATING ACCIDENT

WHEN?
According to state law, a boat owner/operator must report their boat accident to California State Parks Division of Boating and Waterways (DBW) if the accident results in death, disappearance or injury to a person requiring medical attention beyond first aid, damage to a vessel or other property exceeding $500 or complete loss of a vessel, regardless of value. Boat accidents must be reported within specific time periods.

Reports must be submitted to DBW within 48 hours of an accident that involves:

Death occurring within 24 hours of the accident
Disappearance of a person
Injury beyond first aid
Reports must be submitted to DBW within 10 days of an accident that involves:

A person who dies more than 24 hours after an accident occurs
Property damage exceeding $500, or there is a complete loss of a vessel

HOW?

The operator, owner, or, if neither are able, another party involved in an accident that fits one of the above criteria should complete a boating accident report (Form BAR-1)

Bodily Injury or Vessel Damage

Send In Your Report

Reports should be signed and mailed, or faxed to:

California Division of Boating and Waterways
Attn: Boating Accident Unit
One Capitol Mall, Suite 410
Sacramento, CA 95814
Fax: (916) 327-1772

When submitting reports by mail, keep a copy for your records.

PURPOSE
DBW collects and analyzes boating accident reports to develop safety strategies and make recommendations in the interest of reducing boating accidents, injuries and fatalities on California’s waterways.

Information contained in the reports is confidential and may not be used in prosecuting any violations which may have occurred, nor in civil litigation of any kind.

Each year, DBW releases a comprehensive study of boating accidents in California, which provides information on accidents, fatalities, and injuries. This report, California Boating Accident Report, includes special topics such as personal watercraft, youth operators, and fatal alcohol-related accidents.
_____________________

Posted: 11.3.2018

Have any questions? Join the Rescue Water Craft Association
and discover what your community is doing to modernize standards, safety and reduce liability!
Join the Rescue Water Craft Association

Content Creator: Shawn Alladio cares most about her community and the culture surrounding the safety of event service providers and Rescue Water Craft operators, working hard and dedicated towards protecting their reputation, distributing safety information and continuing to train these amazing individuals to the highest standards of care.

Use at your own risk. Please take a qualified Rescue Water Craft training course and maintain proper records and respect all the PWC, RWC, PPE, and gear OEM manufacturer warning labels and cautions.

Public Safety Law Loan Program

Yamaha or Kawasaki ‘Law Loan Program’

Yamaha or Kawasaki ‘Law Loan Program’

This program was set up through the efforts of the PWIA (Personal Water Craft Industry Association) in partnership with the manufacturers.

This is NOT a mandatory program for dealerships, it is voluntary and up to the discretion of the participating dealership based off of past positive or negative experiences with public safety agencies or a willingness to serve the community with quality resources.

You can go to the following websites to start the investigative process:

1. Kawasaki Motors Corporation USA
Kawasaki Dealer Locator

2. Yamaha Motors Corporation USA
Yamaha Dealer Locator

Kawasaki JET SKI STX 15-F

Participating Dealerships

Locate the nearest dealerships in your region. You will be looking at a 3-seater Personal Water Craft (PWC). Prepare a list of questions to ask the dealer representative.

Some public safety agencies also request for additional assets, however we are only going to discuss the Rescue Water Craft (RWC) which is the occupational term for our type of maritime asset, known as Personal Water Craft recreationally.

1. Yamaha-WaveRunner®

2. Kawasaki-JET SKI® (Ultra LX or STX 15-F)

Be prepared to conduct investigative work!

Make a list and keep notes on your contact progress.

Or you can purchase a 2019 Ultra JET SKI® ULTRA® LX MSRP $11,199. Sometimes this is a good option after you work with the
Law Loan program.

The Law Loan Program has been going strong for several decades!

Public Safety Agency Responsibilities

Make contact with the dealer leadership and ask if they participate on the “Law Loan Program’ for public safety agencies.

3. Write a Letter of request on agency letterhead and submit back to the participating dealership.
What you may be responsible for:

• Provide a Personal Water Craft trailer that is rated to transport a 1,000 lb. craft at 11.6” inches in length. (No shorty trailers, must be a properly sized trailer for the length/weight of the craft)
• Pay for any damages during the loan period
• Remove any agency stickers (do not remove manufacturer stickers) upon return
• Insure the water vehicle
• Professional certification for Coxswains and Crew operating the RWC (Rescue Water Craft)
• Rescue boards and accessories are not included. Rescue Boards may also damage the stern deck of a RWC so be prepared to compensate for any friction damages.
• Do not drill any holes or add any hardware to the craft during loan, do not alter the craft.
• Abide by the maintenance schedule and pay for the needed maintenance such as required hourly inspections and oil changes.


Yamaha WaveRunner VX Cruiser HO can be purchased for $11,499.00

Make sure you have prepared an effective annual budget for the following:
1. Maintenance Schedule
2. Hourly Maintenance Schedule
3. Training
4. Personal Protective Equipment for Personnel
5. Accessory devices (rescue board, tow lines, fuel cans, etc.)
6. Return damage fees acquired during the loan period
7. Fuel & Fuel conditioner for prevention of damages from the effects of Ethanol
8. Transportation: Trailer, Vehicle, tow hitches, electrical, tires and tie downs

Participating dealerships will need to sell the water vehicle when the loan program is over. These participating dealerships are for profit businesses and need to turn over the floor stock inventory. Be sure that you return the Personal Water Craft that you have conducted a thorough review of the craft.

I would advise you to do the following:

1. When you receive the water vehicle take photos of the top, bottom, port/starboard and interior of the craft.
2. When you are ready to prepare the craft for return prior to removing decals/stickers take the same round of photos.
3. When returning the water craft take the final third round of the photos for records.

Make sure that you ask in advance what fees you will incur for the maintenance of the craft and how long the dealership will have the asset for these repairs or schedules so you can adjust your operations in the field when you take the unit(s) out of service.

Keep detailed records of your training and maintenance, focusing on the engine hours in your daily checklists.

Make sure that every team member reads the Owner’s Manual and understands the content and is able to translate it effectively and surely.

Good luck in your search! We hope you find a matching dealer who is willing to support and has the appropriate resources to do so.

This is a wonderful program started by (ret.) Roger Hagie’s Public Relations guru from Kawasaki, he is a great friend, a Wake of Fame Inductee and a champion for public safety and lifesaving!

_______________________________

Posted 11.2.2018

Have any questions? Join the Rescue Water Craft Association
and discover what your community is doing to modernize standards, safety and reduce liability!
Join the Rescue Water Craft Association

Content Creator: Shawn Alladio cares most about her community and the culture surrounding the safety of event service providers and Rescue Water Craft operators, working hard and dedicated towards protecting their reputation, distributing safety information and continuing to train these amazing individuals to the highest standards of care.

Use at your own risk. Please take a qualified Rescue Water Craft training course and maintain proper records and respect all the PWC, RWC, PPE, and gear OEM manufacturer warning labels and cautions.

JAPAN PROFESSIONAL BOAT OPERATOR TRAINING CENTER 2018

JAPAN PROFESSIONAL BOAT OPERATOR TRAINING CENTER

2018 JpBOT

This JPBOT seminar is a course to train small boat operators (Captains) who have acquired necessary knowledge and skills with a view to a safe and effective public use of small vessels, and the graduates are qualified in small boat operations. This is a seminar organized by JBPOT to certify as a professional (Professional Operator).

1. What is JPBOT?

JPBOT (Japan Professional Boat Operator Training Center) contributes to water safety and safe operations through the training of pilots who publicly use small vessels to develop water-saving rescue boats, and is aiming to prevent water- accidents.

(Partnership) It is a cooperative management organization by three organizations:
- Japan Marine Recreation Association (JMRA)
- Marine Sports Foundation (MARIS)
- Rescue Water Craft Association Japan (RWCAJ)

Thank you to Yamaha Motors Corporation on the JPBOT 1st training introduction in Hamamatsu.

2. Course Training

Small salvage pilot boat pilot • Awareness & basic level course (RWC: Rescue Water Craft)

(1) Stage 1: Awareness Level
① Attitude as captain
② Knowledge and skills required as pilots of small hydraulic rescue boat

(2) Stage 2: Basic level
① Handling of small boats required for pilots of small hydraulic rescue boat
② Small boat pilot boat pilot required for pilots

* This seminar will be subject to completion examination of department and practical skills to confirm knowledge · skill acquisition status when approving.

3. Date and time
2 days
(1) November 3 (Saturday): Stage - 1 8: 30 ~ 17: 00
(2) November 4 (Sun): Stage -2 9: 00 ~ 17: 00

4. Location
Shizuoka prefectural three-day youth house Shizuoka prefecture Hamamatsu city Kita-ku Tsuzuki Town Tsuzuki 523-1
Our facilities can accommodate meals • stay (shared room). We will inform you after applying.

5. Attendance qualification
· Be a holder of a water licensee's motorized driver's license
· Be over 18 years old

6. Amount of money
50,000 yen (tax included)

7. Payee
Mitsubishi UFJ Bank Shintomicho Branch Normal 0000837
Marine Sports Foundation of Public Interest Foundation

8. Application · Inquiries
Marine Sports Foundation of Public Interest Foundation
Officer: Yoshimura

TEL: 03-3454-1151 / FAX: 03-3454-1152
Application for attendance download
Please fill in the necessary information and send it to fax or email (information@maris.or.jp).

National Boat Education

当講習会は、小型船舶の安全で効果的な公的利用を目指し、必要となる知識と技術を修得した小型船舶操縦者(船長)を養成するコースであり、修了者を小型水難救助艇操縦士(プロフェッショナル•オペレーター)として認定する、JBPOTが実施する講習会です。
1. JPBOTとは?
JPBOT(Japan Professional Boat Operator Training center)は、公的に小型船舶を使用する水難救助艇操縦士の育成を通じて水上安全や安全運航に貢献し、水難•海難事故の防止を図る事を目的とした、(一財)日本海洋レジャー安全•振興協会、(一社)日本小型水難救助艇協会、(公財)マリンスポーツ財団の3団体連携による協同運営組織です。
2.コース・トレーニング
小型水難救助艇操縦士•アウェアネス&ベーシックレベルコース(RWC:水上オートバイ)
(1)ステージ1:アウェアネスレベル
①船長としての心構え
②小型水難救助艇操縦士として求められる知識及び技術
(2)ステージ2:ベーシックレベル
①小型水難救助艇操縦士に求められる小型船舶の取扱
②小型水難救助艇操縦士に求められる小型船舶の操縦
※当講習会は認定に際し、知識•技能の修得状況を確認する学科及び実技の修了審査を行います。
3.日時
2日間
(1)11月3日(土):ステージ-1  8:30~17:00
(2)11月4日(日):ステージ-2  9:00~17:00
4.場所
静岡県立三ヶ日青年の家 静岡県浜松市北区三ヶ日町都筑523−1
当施設は食事•宿泊(相部屋)が可能です。申込み後にご案内します。

5.受講資格
・水上オートバイの操縦免許資格保持者であること
・18歳以上であること
6.金額
5万円(税込)
7.お振込先
三菱UFJ銀行 新富町支店 普通0000837
公益財団法人マリンスポーツ財団
8.お申し込み•お問い合わせ
公益財団法人マリンスポーツ財団
担当:吉村
TEL:03-3454-1151/FAX:03-3454-1152
受講申込書ダウンロード
必要事項をご記入の上、FAXまたはメール(information@maris.or.jp)まで送信願います。

http://www.maris.or.jp/event/2712/?fbclid=IwAR1O98A7NYVl_HvBKvsm8xhyVKbAEYoDfVXUBfW6ba1GU53edKlMslx68fU

_____________________

Posted: 10.27.2018

Have any questions? Join the Rescue Water Craft Association
and discover what your community is doing to modernize standards, safety and reduce liability!
Join the Rescue Water Craft Association

Content Creator: Shawn Alladio cares most about her community and the culture surrounding the safety of event service providers and Rescue Water Craft operators, working hard and dedicated towards protecting their reputation, distributing safety information and continuing to train these amazing individuals to the highest standards of care.

Use at your own risk. Please take a qualified Rescue Water Craft training course and maintain proper records and respect all the PWC, RWC, PPE, and gear OEM manufacturer warning labels and cautions.

TEN YEARS OF K38 JAPAN

K38 JAPAN LEGACY

K38 Japan legacy trains the next generation of Coxswains and Crew. They protect reputation. They care about their students and survivors coming home again safely.

K38 Japan Instructors have dedicated their professional experience towards the reputations of others, lifesaving and program development.

K38 Japan is a legacy company invested in the future, your future, your career.

The K38 Way of Training has been dedicated towards the greater good of society.

We understand that partnership is a way of being and that lifesaving begins with community, strength and standards.

K38 Japan Leads The Way

LEGACY OF LIFESAVING

K38 is a partner in global outreach to ensure that Operators, Coxswains, Crew and public safety agencies are protected and have the highest level of knowledge to conduct their marine units with pride, respect and integrity. We are committed to the public trust and the sacred trust of serving others in a time of need.

K38 Japan is one piece of this solution, we could not do this alone. We could not be a servant if we did not have outstanding partners in boating safety who care just as passionately about professionalism, and they do!

We thank your partners and public safety agencies, associations and companies who care and are united and working very hard in an united front to support one another. These are amazing teams, administrations and people who have heart. They have determination and stewardship and care about community and appreciate professionalism as a way of being and it shows.

Thank you to Marine Sports Foundation, Japan Coast Guard, Japan Ocean Leisure Safety and Promotion Association, Rescue Water Craft Association Japan, Japan Small Water Relief Boat Association, Japan Boating & Water Safety Summit, NASBLA, NSBC, Rescue Water Craft Association, all their instructors, partners and administrators for a concerted international effort of public service!

We at K38 love you all!

K38 Founder-Shawn Alladio

_____________________

Posted: 10.27.2018

Have any questions? Join the Rescue Water Craft Association
and discover what your community is doing to modernize standards, safety and reduce liability!
Join the Rescue Water Craft Association

Content Creator: Shawn Alladio cares most about her community and the culture surrounding the safety of event service providers and Rescue Water Craft operators, working hard and dedicated towards protecting their reputation, distributing safety information and continuing to train these amazing individuals to the highest standards of care.

Use at your own risk. Please take a qualified Rescue Water Craft training course and maintain proper records and respect all the PWC, RWC, PPE, and gear OEM manufacturer warning labels and cautions.

K38 Australia News

For Immediate Release
July 26, 2018

Boca Raton, USA- Our affiliates K38 Australia & K38 New Zealand who are managed by Mr. Craig Zulian announce that a partnership has been formed with Risk Response + Rescue based in Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

Their united effort will share expertise in both training and operations throughout Australia & New Zealand to public safety personnel for open water, surf rescue and flood and swiftwater training programs.

Please visit the RR+R website for more information regarding the services they provide.

https://www.riskresponse.com.au/

K38 is an internationally recognized company based in Boca Raton, Florida USA. K38 Australia & New Zealand are Affiliate service providers for Power Water Craft, Personal Water Craft and Rescue Water Craft for both recreational and occupational operators.

K38 provides water safety services, hosts the annual Wake of Fame awards representing Australia and is a member of the Rescue Water Craft Association.

For more information regarding K38 Australia or K38 New Zealand please contact Mr. Zulian.
Craig@k38.com.au

K38 LLC
7050 W. Palmetto Park Rd. Suite 15-183
Boca Raton, Florida USA 33433
www.K38Rescue.com

GIFTED

We've come a long way baby...

When I was a little girl I wanted to be a cowboy.
Then I wanted to be a spaceman.
Then I wanted to be a horse.

I had a crush on a boy in elementary school and he had a dirtbike. I knew then that the joy and freedom he had was something I didn't want. I needed it!

Everything changed when I smelled the exhaust from his bike. I remembered my grandpa's race cars, they seemed so big and beyond me, but this little dirtbike I could ride that myself.

I got a paper route. I saved my money to make a mini bike out of a lawn mower.

Life was not a great experience for me at home, in fact it was awful, but it taught me to persevere, and that was the cornerstone of understanding along with my sisters death and illness, all these elements barked loudly at my psyche. 'You don't know what will happen', understanding this I did not want to waste oxygen.

DREAM BIG

When I was a little girl I dreamed big. That did not mean my dreams would be realized.

I wanted a dirt bike, I wanted a Stingray with a banana seat so I could go jump boxes and the creek in Carmel where I grew up.

I wanted to be a police officer, but I was told that was not possible, because it was not.

I wanted to be a fireman, but I was told that was not possible, because it was not.

I wanted to join the military at the age of 14 and go to the Vietnam war and fight like men, but I that was not possible.

Up until the age of 28 these were not jobs I could subscribe to.

But the Jet Ski came along.

THANKFUL

The Jet Ski was the first motorized vehicle that allowed women in our generation to be competitive along with men. This motor sport revolutionized across the board a wide open door to women. Many took that invitation and opened it without caution but few have followed like those pioneers, those courageous young women who pulled throttle and created a big wake.

Notable women like Brenda Burns (Chambers) who as a young girl raced with her mother and her sister continuing onward and became a World and National Champion, and an inspiration to generations of today. Pay close attention to her story. Respect is earned and she is a person of renown in our sport to research.

I would come to a race and there would be 100 women waiting to get to the start line. They had to race motos. They had to go to a Last Chance Qualifier (LCQ) and only a handful would make it to the main event. It was tough, competitive and happening.

Know our female competitive history. Do your homework. You will thrive off the inspiration of your legacy holders. You may also discover the legacy you will contribute on your own efforts.

Men were my mentors as a child. There were no females in my scope that were doing anything outstanding at speed.

My grandfather was a great inspiration with his car racing and mechanical skills. His imprint is inspirational. My mother
was a tough cookie and her grit personified the 'can do' spirit in me.

30 years later, women are not taking that wide open door as I imagined they would from when I awoke. I believed there would be a flood, a tsunami of opportunity, but only a trickle is witnessed considering there are 7 billion people on Earth and at least .001% would qualify.

If you are a woman reading this your predecessors handed you the baton in the 1980's. Its 2018 and women are stepping back further than forging ahead. Are you the one to bring it all back? Will you be the one to galvanize a community and inspire the pursuit of excellence?

The Jet Ski Fever is still here, its held by a few of our pioneers, like myself, like Brenda. You know who you are. We love you all and you are held dear and close.

We train very few females worldwide in our K38 water rescue courses. I wonder at this phenomenon. Is it a target personality that gives themselves permission? Do women not want to do the hard work? Is the work load too heavy or dirty? Is the chaos uncomfortable? Yes, well it is and I do enjoy that discomfort myself, is part of the delivery package.

Remaining a little unreasonable has distinct advantages for a mariner. It means that your creative spirit can become a driving force, a major contributor to the greater good.

We women have a big house to manage of course, its a blend of stressors but through them we learn advantages: our beloveds, children, and career. Risk is something we are good at, analytics is our best friend, we can think at speed and juggle the juggernaut. Our male counterparts can take notes to benefit from to enhance their own operability.

Our physical strength is a bit not as level but we can learn leverage techniques. I am enthusiastic about training women, but being female is not an excuse, and we can enjoy an outstanding career.

Are you ready? We've had that door open waiting for you to enter. The room is very big and there are a lot of empty chairs.

Give yourself permission.

Contact your local marine unit or volunteer group and begin a pathway of purpose.

You will discover so much more than that Rules of the Road, the conditions and the terrors, you will discover the scope of your own determined spirit in the depths of the big wide open. Ask me how I know?

Your friend always.

Shawn

Have any questions? Join the Rescue Water Craft Association
and discover what your community is doing to modernize standards, safety and reduce liability!

Content Creator – Shawn Alladio cares most about her community and the culture surrounding the safety of event service providers and Rescue Water Craft operators, working hard and dedicated towards protecting their reputation, distributing safety information and continuing to train these amazing individuals to the highest standards of care.

HAPPY BIRTHDAY RWCA

BIRTHDAY NEWS

Our Founder wanted to find a unique way to support lifesaving through Facebook online donations. The goal was to raise funds and bring the community together at the Rescue Water Craft Association. What is the RWCA?

We are partners in water safety, not competitors. We are elite in our determination and seek like-minded ethical professionals and lay persons who understand and are willing to go the distance no matter how uncomfortable the adversity, how daring the storm or long the night.

Our core values are based on the acronym: S.E.E.
• Safety
• Education
• Enforcement

CONTRIBUTORS

We hold ourselves accountable to our knowledge and are responsible in our actions. Our vision was to revolutionize lifesaving and ensure a culture of safety exists with personal pursuits in our community worldwide. Now is the time to unify our community and broaden capabilities by driving change and influencing the next generation.

The Vision: Donations are helpful and connecting our culture internationally can bring people to our new non-profit in a variety of ways. You can volunteer or simply share stories, each is a gift to itself.

“It's not about my life but the life of those who need proper training. I am not asking anyone to delve into donating because you know me, love me or hate me, but if you have a regard for helping out others and would not mind a tax deduction for your donation (USA), that's a nice thought.

Even so, if not, please like and join the page and I would sure appreciate your support of the Rescue Water Craft Association. My hope is to save lives through education that matters and not cause harm. I was born on the 21st, I think of my mother and my siblings and their children and marvel that another day arrives for me, for us and hope we all enjoy another gifted day.

We are contributors because we care, it's not about money, your support is good enough for me and I care with you.” Says founder Shawn Alladio.

UNITED

As of June 20, 2018 the Facebook fundraiser has generated $1,465.00 USD

Facebook fundraising ended on June 21.

100% of the proceeds go directly towards funding the following programs:

1. Junior Boater Program
2. THIN LINE-benefiting Veteran, Law Enforcement and First Responder families

To join or make a donation to the RWCA please visit Rescue Water Craft Association

PARTNERS IN WATER SAFETY

1. Craig Zulian, Australia (K38 Australia)
2. John W. Youings, Australia (Wake of Fame Inductee)
3. Patty Coston Webb, USA (Great Human Being)
4. Norbert Wysocki, Poland (Rescue Water Craft Operator)
5. James Worrall, Australia (Rescue Water Craft Operator)
6. Gerald Davies, Australia (Jet Rescue Sleds)
7. Mat Lanigan, USA (Water Safety Advocate)
8. Bob Pratt, USA (Great Lakes Surf Rescue Project)
9. Kevin Collins, USA (Great Human Being)
10. Amy Green, USA (Professional PWC Racer, Wake of Fame Award recipient, friend)
11. Ocean Priselac (Animal rescuer, waterwoman, friend)
12. Mario Vittone (Former USCG Rescue Swimmer, advocate for water safety)

Thank you all!

Yours in Water Safety!

Have any questions? Join the Rescue Water Craft Association
and discover what your community is doing to modernize standards, safety and reduce liability!

Content Creator – Shawn Alladio cares most about her community and the culture surrounding the safety of event service providers and Rescue Water Craft operators, working hard and dedicated towards protecting their reputation, distributing safety information and continuing to train these amazing individuals to the highest standards of care.

HELMET LINER

Helmet Liners Help

Why a helmet liner? Because of colder temperatures, keeping hair out of your eyes or as a distraction or if you do not have a properly fitted helmet or your helmet is aging (is it time to retire it?).

What is a proper fitted helmet? Well, it’s simple. Water rescue helmets are made with a mold, one mold, heads are not. Skulls are all different types! Adjustments may be needed as its impossible to find a perfect fit for every skull type.

Plus it helps for bald folks or to manage scalp contact to the inner guts of a helmet.

CRANIAL TYPES

1. Caucasoid-Long and Narrow
2. Mongoloid-Shorter and Broader
3. Negroid-Long Front to Back

We can cite the use of the terms brachyfacial, mesofacial and dolichofacial, which form part of a cranial index terminology used to describe facial types.(1) This is done often for orthodontic work.

Skull

SAFE AND SANE

Have you ever seen a custom molded helmet? Well sort of! The manufacturers focus on the interior structure of the helmet. The interior padding varies. Some models you can replace or add additional pads to take up the voids or to prevent the ‘bucket effect’.
For me my ear protection is a double edge sword. I need to hear (no ear covering), but I need to protect my ear canal (ear covering). So I choose to wear either a balaclava or a cap. Sometimes these are neoprene and sometimes lycra or cotton.

I like this one for the summer:

Mission Enduracool Cooling Helmet Liner, $13.00 USD

Specs:
• Body: 92% Polyester/8% Spandex; Mesh: 100% Polyester
• When wet, cools instantly
• UPF 45 protection from the sun
• Chemical-free, wearable cooling in and out of the helmet; one size
• Wicks away sweat from the head
• Regulates evaporation to help cool
• Logo style and packaging may vary

Check them out:

Mission Helmet Liners

Reference:
Science of Skulls

Content Creator - June 20, 2018
Shawn Alladio cares most about her community and the culture surrounding the safety of event service providers and Rescue Water Craft operators, working hard and dedicated towards protecting their reputation, distributing safety information and continuing to train these amazing individuals to the highest standards of care.

Got SPOT?

SPOT X 2-Way Satellite Messenger

SPOT X 2-Way Satellite Messenger

Well, its costly, but then how much are we worth? $249.00 USD

There is also an annual subscription plan so you can double that if you add insurance and a few other items.

What they say: Stay connected with friends and get found fast in an emergency with the SPOT X 2-way satellite messenger. Send and receive texts to and from any cell number and communicate directly with rescuers.

BATTERIES
Rechargeable lithium polymer

DIMENSIONS
6.5 x 2.9 x 0.9 inches

WEIGHT
7 ounces

Spot On

Technical specs

Best Use Multisport
GPS/Satellite Detectable Yes
Average Battery Life 240 hrs. (10 min. tracking intervals)
Battery Type Lithium Ion
Batteries Rechargeable lithium polymer
Messaging Capability 2-Way Messaging
SOS Function Yes
Device Integration None
Location Accuracy 3 meters
Compass Yes
Altimeter No
Waterproof Yes
Water-Resistance Rating IPX7
Dimensions 6.5 x 2.9 x 0.9 inches
Weight 7 ounces
Color: Orange/black

SAFE AND SANE

Features
• 2-way satellite messaging keeps you in touch with family and friends from virtually anywhere in the world, even outside of cell range (satellite subscription sold separately)
• Provides direct communication with search and rescue services in case of an emergency
• Send an SOS to the 24/7 Search & Rescue center, message back and forth about the nature of your emergency and receive confirmation when help is on the way
• Select from 2, 5, 10, 30 or 60 min. tracking intervals to let family and friends follow your progress with SPOT's easy-to-use Google Maps interface
• Check in with the push of a button to quickly and easily let everyone on your list know you're OK
• Link to your Facebook and Twitter accounts to keep your social media contacts in the know wherever you go
• Built-in compass and programmable waypoints help you navigate
Imported.

Don't forget this!
An additional SPOT Service Plan is required for operation. Visit vendor website to shop satellite subscription plans and additional services

We have been using SPOT locator beams and tracking devices for years, in fact we have over 14 items and it becomes very expensive

We consider this a second insurance policy.

How much would a funeral cost, how much would a rescue cost, and the questions go on and on and that is how we level out the investment annual costs vs. the reality of rescue and becoming a statistic.

I would also encourage you to consider looking at the Delorem inReach devices, as they had these type of two way sat communication devices first, we also enjoy using their products.

Content Creator - June 20, 2018
Shawn Alladio cares most about her community and the culture surrounding the safety of event service providers and Rescue Water Craft operators, working hard and dedicated towards protecting their reputation, distributing safety information and continuing to train these amazing individuals to the highest standards of care.

Earth’s Atmospheric Layers

Let’s get to know Earth a little better! Earth’s atmospheric layers are one of our direct relationship values for our work regarding weather. Earth’s atmosphere can be divided (called atmospheric stratification) into 5 main layers. We are reliant on weather for survival, work and safety.

We study the atmospheric changes, climate and volcanic and earthquake activity that may lead to tsunami. Let’s take a few moments to understand better the planet we live on.

Excluding the exosphere, the atmosphere has 4 primary layers:

1. Troposphere
2. Stratosphere
3. Mesosphere
4. Thermosphere

The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth’s gravity. The atmosphere of Earth protects life on Earth by creating pressure allowing for liquid water to exist on the Earth’s surface, absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface through heat retention (greenhouse effect), and reducing temperature extremes between day and night (the diurnal temperature variation).

By volume, dry air contains 78.09% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, 0.93% argon, 0.04% carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases. Air also contains a variable amount of water vapor, on average around 1% at sea level, and 0.4% over the entire atmosphere. Air content and atmospheric pressure vary at different layers, and air suitable for use in photosynthesis by terrestrial plants and breathing of terrestrial animals is found only in Earth’s troposphere and in artificial atmospheres.

The three major constituents of Earth’s atmosphere:
1. nitrogen
2. oxygen
3. argon

Water vapor accounts for roughly 0.25% of the atmosphere by mass.

Atmospheric circulation is the large-scale movement of air through the troposphere, and the means (with ocean circulation) by which heat is distributed around Earth. The large-scale structure of the atmospheric circulation varies from year to year, but the basic structure remains fairly constant because it is determined by Earth’s rotation rate and the difference in solar radiation between the equator and poles.

Troposphere
The troposphere starts at the Earth’s surface and extends 8 to 14.5 kilometers high (5 to 9 miles). This part of the atmosphere is the most dense. Almost all weather is in this region.

Stratosphere
The stratosphere starts just above the troposphere and extends to 50 kilometers (31 miles) high. The ozone layer, which absorbs and scatters the solar ultraviolet radiation, is in this layer.

Mesosphere
The mesosphere starts just above the stratosphere and extends to 85 kilometers (53 miles) high. Meteors burn up in this layer

Thermosphere
The thermosphere starts just above the mesosphere and extends to 600 kilometers (372 miles) high. Aurora and satellites occur in this layer.

Ionosphere
The ionosphere is an abundant layer of electrons and ionized atoms and molecules that stretches from about 48 kilometers (30 miles) above the surface to the edge of space at about 965 km (600 mi), overlapping into the mesosphere and thermosphere. This dynamic region grows and shrinks based on solar conditions and divides further into the sub-regions: D, E and F; based on what wavelength of solar radiation is absorbed. The ionosphere is a critical link in the chain of Sun-Earth interactions. This region is what makes radio communications possible.

Exosphere
This is the upper limit of our atmosphere. It extends from the top of the thermosphere up to 10,000 km (6,200 mi).

Credit: NASA/Goddard

This spectacular image of sunset on the Indian Ocean was taken by astronauts aboard the International Space Station (ISS). The image presents an edge-on, or limb view, of the Earth’s atmosphere as seen from orbit. The Earth’s curvature is visible along the horizon line, or limb, that extends across the image from centre left to lower right.

Above the darkened surface of the Earth, a brilliant sequence of colours roughly denotes several layers of the atmosphere. Deep oranges and yellows appear in the troposphere, which extends from the Earth’s surface to 6–20 km high. This layer contains over 80 percent of the mass of the atmosphere and almost all of the water vapour, clouds, and precipitation. Several dark cloud layers are visible within this layer. Variations in the colours are due mainly to varying concentrations of either clouds or aerosols (airborne particles or droplets).

The pink to white region above the clouds appears to be the stratosphere; this atmospheric layer generally has little or no clouds and extends up to approximately 50 km above the Earth’s surface. Above the stratosphere, blue layers mark the upper atmosphere (including the mesosphere, thermosphere, ionosphere, and exosphere) as it gradually fades into the blackness of outer space.

The ISS was located over the southern Indian Ocean when this picture was taken, with the astronaut observer looking towards the west. Astronauts aboard the ISS see 16 sunrises and sunsets per day due to their high orbital velocity (greater than 28,000 km per hour).

The multiple chances for photography are fortunate, as at that speed each sunrise or sunset event only lasts a few seconds! Image acquired with a Nikon D3 digital camera, and is provided by the ISS Crew Earth Observations experiment and Image Science & Analysis Laboratory, Johnson Space Center.

By Kelvinsong [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons